In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers in not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.
An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
While there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion. The latter may be removed only with procedures consistent with statutory conditions enacted by Congress. The decision by the Court was that the Federal Trade Commission was a quasi-legislative body because of other powers it had, and therefore the president could not fire an FTC member for political reasons. Congress can’t retain removal power over officials with executive function (Bowsher v. Synar). However, statutes can restrict removal if not purely executive (Humphrey’s executor), but can't restrict removal of purely executive officer (Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The standard is whether restriction "impedes the president’s ability to perform his constitutional duty" (Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988)).
The limiting reagent (or limiting reactant) in a chemical reaction is the substance that is totally consumed when the chemical reaction is complete. The amount of product formed is limited by this reagent, since the reaction cannot continue without it. If one or more other reagents are present in excess of the quantities required to react with the limiting reagent, they are described as excess reagents or excess reactants.
The limiting reagent must be identified in order to calculate the percentage yield of a reaction, since the theoretical yield is defined as the amount of product obtained when the limiting reagent reacts completely. Given the balanced chemical equation, which describes the reaction, there are several equivalent ways to identify the limiting reagent and evaluate the excess quantities of other reagents.
Method 1: Comparison of reactant amounts
This method is most useful when there are only two reactants. One reactant (A) is chosen, and the balanced chemical equation is used to determine the amount of the other reactant (B) necessary to react with A. If the amount of B actually present exceeds the amount required, then B is in excess and A is the limiting reagent. If the amount of B present is less than required, then B is the limiting reagent.
Excess is Coma's first English-language album, which was released in Europe on 11 October 2010.
The album consists of nine tracks from Hipertrofia (2008), which were re-recorded in English, and three new songs: "F.T.P." and "F.T.M.O." from the movie Skrzydlate Świnie (where Rogucki played one of the main roles), and "Turn Back The River".
On 1 September 2010, the album was made available to buy in Poland, but only via Mystic Production website.
Almost100 hospital consultants earned more than €300,000 last year, with one, working in emergency medicine, being paid €974,000, according to a Health ServiceExecutive report. The number of high-earning consultants — paid in excess of ...
In other words, situations of abuse of authority may occur again that confront citizens not only with street crime, but also with the fear of being intervened with the excessive use of force by a member of the Armed Forces or National Police... of power or excessive use of force.
This disconnection raises questions about where these investments are directed and what obstacles hinder executives from realizing their vision of a data-driven future for their companies ... Often, data executives focus excessively on technological aspects like data modernization, AI, and ML, while neglecting the human dimension.
subsequent trials or clinical results could contradict or call into question the results of the clinical study discussed above or Vapotherm could be otherwise unsuccessful in obtaining broad clinical acceptance of the use of its devices in the treatment of pediatric asthma; ...
issued ExecutiveOrder (EO) No ...San Jose also reminded the local chief executives (LCEs) to conduct regular inspections of public and private markets, as well as rice warehouses in their jurisdiction, if there are any, to address hoarding and exorbitant, excessive, and unreasonable price increase of rice.
In fact, there is not even a law requiring healthcare executives to publicly disclose their hospital’s nurse-to-patient ratios ... My message to Munson executives is this ... This package of bills would set safe limits on patient assignments, end excessive mandatory overtime and require hospital executives to disclose their nurse-to-patient ratios.
Ned Lamont and the legislature to slam on the brakes ... Meanwhile, eroding staff levels have many employees pushed into working excessive, mandatory overtime, including triple shifts on some occasions. The ExecutiveBranch workforce shrank more than 10% from 2011 through 2018 – more than 3,200 positions – as Lamont’s predecessor, Gov.
It’s acclaimed for its visual fidelity, Kameo Fighter system, mostly excellent StoryMode and overall combat ... No Stage Interactivity ... Unfortunately, the execution is underwhelming. Several modifiers in fights are not fun to deal with, whether it’s the excessive armor on enemies or hazards like gas which interrupt your combos way too often.
Ned Lamont and the legislature to slam on the brakes ...Sign me up! ... Meanwhile, eroding staff levels have many employees pushed into working excessive, mandatory overtime, including triple shifts on some occasions. The ExecutiveBranch workforce shrank more than 10% from 2011 through 2018 — more than 3,200 positions — as Lamont’s predecessor, Gov ... Sen ... .
Florida already has deep property insurance problems. Rates are skyrocketing for tens of thousands of homeowners ...It’s not going to pop ... Miami Herald/Tampa Bay Times reporting has also shown that bad business practices, including excessive pay for executives, may have also been a factor in the bankruptcy and withdrawals for some insurers in Florida.
Carr received more than $3.4 million in “excessive bonus and leave payouts” and Duarte received $291,000, the release said ... Under questioning by the Florida HousePublicIntegrity & Ethics Committee in 2020, Duarte and another of the coalition’s executives conceded Carr’s multimillion-dollar cash-out of paid time off was “excessive.”.
Phillip Gillespie, 40, the former co-chief executive officer of B2C2, was accused of excessive drinking, taking cocaine and hallucinogens, as well as giving the drugs to others, including the intern ... Nagela, who was a US-based B2C2 executive, paints a picture in the lawsuit of a ...
From 1969 to 1979, the number of staff members in the U.S. House and Senate increased from 10,700 to 18,400, with an increase in salary expenses of $400 million – worth $1.7 billion in 2023 dollars. Sen ... It is also helpful to give better oversight to an increasingly growing executive branch. Other staff, however, are excessive and duplicative ... ....
I wish to go further, and invite the private sector, in particular, to match or exceed our initial investment, so that next year when we gather, the executive director can announce that we have an endowment fund not of 1/2 billion, but in excess of one billion dollars," said McBean.
Human cost ... RELATED ARTICLES ... What ought to be as worrying for Arm’s US-dwelling chief executive Rene Haas is that short sellers have piled onto the share register, leading the stock to drift down, although it is still above the offer price – for the moment ... Non-executives are there to enforce standards and protect shareholders from wanton excess ... .