In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers in not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.
An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
While there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion. The latter may be removed only with procedures consistent with statutory conditions enacted by Congress. The decision by the Court was that the Federal Trade Commission was a quasi-legislative body because of other powers it had, and therefore the president could not fire an FTC member for political reasons. Congress can’t retain removal power over officials with executive function (Bowsher v. Synar). However, statutes can restrict removal if not purely executive (Humphrey’s executor), but can't restrict removal of purely executive officer (Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The standard is whether restriction "impedes the president’s ability to perform his constitutional duty" (Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988)).
The limiting reagent (or limiting reactant) in a chemical reaction is the substance that is totally consumed when the chemical reaction is complete. The amount of product formed is limited by this reagent, since the reaction cannot continue without it. If one or more other reagents are present in excess of the quantities required to react with the limiting reagent, they are described as excess reagents or excess reactants.
The limiting reagent must be identified in order to calculate the percentage yield of a reaction, since the theoretical yield is defined as the amount of product obtained when the limiting reagent reacts completely. Given the balanced chemical equation, which describes the reaction, there are several equivalent ways to identify the limiting reagent and evaluate the excess quantities of other reagents.
Method 1: Comparison of reactant amounts
This method is most useful when there are only two reactants. One reactant (A) is chosen, and the balanced chemical equation is used to determine the amount of the other reactant (B) necessary to react with A. If the amount of B actually present exceeds the amount required, then B is in excess and A is the limiting reagent. If the amount of B present is less than required, then B is the limiting reagent.
Excess is Coma's first English-language album, which was released in Europe on 11 October 2010.
The album consists of nine tracks from Hipertrofia (2008), which were re-recorded in English, and three new songs: "F.T.P." and "F.T.M.O." from the movie Skrzydlate Świnie (where Rogucki played one of the main roles), and "Turn Back The River".
On 1 September 2010, the album was made available to buy in Poland, but only via Mystic Production website.
Legal proceedings have been initiated against the Health ServiceExecutive (HSE) over the alleged prescribing of excessive amounts of medication to a child attending a mental health service. The lawsuit is the first to be taken in connection with concerns that children in south Kerry were over-medicated in recent years ... Read More. Explainer ... .
Companies, largely in the US but also in Europe, are preparing, writes the FT, “to launch a record wave of share buybacks as executives get comfortable with spending excess cash following a blockbuster earnings season and greater clarity on the trajectory of the world economy.”.
This allows companies to reduce the cost of capital, consolidate ownership, inflate important financial metrics, and even free up profits to pay executive bonuses. A combination of the positive economic outlook and excess of cash has pushed companies to launch new share-buyback programs ... The total 2020 repurchase amounted to $24.7 billion ... ....
When we have excess cash, we have been clear that we will seek to return it to shareholdersIvan Menezes, Diageo chief executive ...Chief executive Ivan Menezes said he is “very pleased with how our business is recovering”. He added. “When we have excess cash, we have been clear that we will seek to return it to shareholders.” ... Daily Digest Newsletter ... .
Walgreens. an overview ... In its second quarter results, the company indicated that it’s on track to deliver in excess of $2bn in annual cost savings by the 2022 financial year. If this is executed, it should boost profitability ... So if margins are weak and it’s paying a dividend, I’m unsure how it will make a dent in its debt pile from excess cash flow ... .
“I find it interesting that despite the fact that the lion’s share of revenue for some of the defense contractors comes from the taxpayers of the United States, these same companies provide their CEOs and executives excessive and extremely large compensation packages," he said.
The Pentagon has a budget of a whopping $740 billion this year ... “Further, I find it interesting that despite the fact that the lion’s share of revenue for some of the defense contractors comes from the taxpayers of the United States, these same companies provide their CEOs and executives excessive and extremely large compensation packages.”.
Guinness and Smirnoff Vodka owner Diageo plans to return £4.5billion to its shareholders after benefiting from Britons flocking back to pubs and restaurants amid the easing of lockdown restrictions ...Back on track ... Share ... Chief executive Ivan Menezes said. 'When we have excess cash, we have been clear that we will seek to return it to shareholders ... .
More than half of 100 companies with the lowest median employee wages in the S&P 500Index boosted CEO pay by changing the rules for assessing executive performance during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a report by a left-leaning policy group published on Tuesday.
NEW YORK (Reuters) – More than half of 100 companies with the lowest median employee wages in the S&P 500Index boosted CEO pay by changing the rules for assessing executive performance during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a report by a left-leaning policy group published on Tuesday.
People will always be spoiled because there are always trolls out there keen to "ruin" the experience for others, and there will always be those who place an arguably excessive, hyper-paranoid focus on plot details over their execution ... With that in mind, let's dig in and see quite how movie discourse has gotten to this point... Advertisement. Next .
Occidental Petroleum Corp (OXY.N) on Monday surpassed Wall Street expectations by reporting a smaller first-quarter loss than a year ago, boosted by earnings from chemicals and oil exports ... "Occidental is well positioned to continue to use excess cash flows, coupled with asset sales proceeds, to reduce debt,” ChiefExecutiveVicki Hollub said.
Read full article. News1811 May 2021, 1.00 am183;2-min read ... Analysts had expected a loss of 33 cents per share, according to Refinitiv ... “Occidental is well positioned to continue to use excess cash flows, coupled with asset sales proceeds, to reduce debt,” ChiefExecutiveVicki Hollub said ... The business handles its crude oil exports ... TRENDING ... .
PresidentJoe Biden... Employers may be reluctant to hike pay at this stage, fearful that high consumer demand could taper off later in the year and leave them with excessive payroll costs. "You're competing with a temporary unemployment supplement," Neal Bradley, executive vice president of policy at the Chamber of Commerce, told The New York Times.