In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers in not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.
An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
While there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion. The latter may be removed only with procedures consistent with statutory conditions enacted by Congress. The decision by the Court was that the Federal Trade Commission was a quasi-legislative body because of other powers it had, and therefore the president could not fire an FTC member for political reasons. Congress can’t retain removal power over officials with executive function (Bowsher v. Synar). However, statutes can restrict removal if not purely executive (Humphrey’s executor), but can't restrict removal of purely executive officer (Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The standard is whether restriction "impedes the president’s ability to perform his constitutional duty" (Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988)).
The limiting reagent (or limiting reactant) in a chemical reaction is the substance that is totally consumed when the chemical reaction is complete. The amount of product formed is limited by this reagent, since the reaction cannot continue without it. If one or more other reagents are present in excess of the quantities required to react with the limiting reagent, they are described as excess reagents or excess reactants.
The limiting reagent must be identified in order to calculate the percentage yield of a reaction, since the theoretical yield is defined as the amount of product obtained when the limiting reagent reacts completely. Given the balanced chemical equation, which describes the reaction, there are several equivalent ways to identify the limiting reagent and evaluate the excess quantities of other reagents.
Method 1: Comparison of reactant amounts
This method is most useful when there are only two reactants. One reactant (A) is chosen, and the balanced chemical equation is used to determine the amount of the other reactant (B) necessary to react with A. If the amount of B actually present exceeds the amount required, then B is in excess and A is the limiting reagent. If the amount of B present is less than required, then B is the limiting reagent.
Excess is Coma's first English-language album, which was released in Europe on 11 October 2010.
The album consists of nine tracks from Hipertrofia (2008), which were re-recorded in English, and three new songs: "F.T.P." and "F.T.M.O." from the movie Skrzydlate Świnie (where Rogucki played one of the main roles), and "Turn Back The River".
On 1 September 2010, the album was made available to buy in Poland, but only via Mystic Production website.
Vodafone and Three are planning a tie-up that would create Britain’s biggest mobile supplier with more than 27m customers ... The mobile operator’s chief executive Nick Read has also stated a desire to pursue mergers in markets he deemed to be suffering from excessive competition, including the UK ... ....
sensitivity to economic, business and market conditions in the United States and overseas, including economic instability or a downturn in the sectors served by us;declines in average selling prices for our products and the supply/demand balance for our products, including the ...
Vodafone and Three are planning a tie-up that would create Britain’s biggest mobile supplier with more than 27m customers ...Mobile merger ... The mobile operator’s chief executive Nick Read has also stated a desire to pursue mergers in markets he deemed to be suffering from excessive competition, including the UK ... RELATED ARTICLES. Previous 1 Next ... Share ... .
Produce might not meet a buyer’s size/shape/color expectations, or someone overstocked and couldn’t off-load the excess, or boxes in a pallet were damaged ...SharingExcess moved into the market in July 2021 ... “We probably pay Sharing Excess upwards of $100,000 a year,” said Share’s executive director George Matysik.
RIO DE JANEIRO — ... “Gratitude.” ... But she felt lucky ... Advertisement ... Though officers almost always defend their killings as acts of self-defense against armed criminals, human rights groups and journalists have documented a pattern of excessive use of force, including summary executions of people who are unarmed or injured.Advertisement.
A corporation is a legal entity with a life of its own, albeit not one that is human ... Get more from the Citrus CountyChronicle ... The nonprofit executive leadership are only stakeholders in the commitment to service. The excess of revenue over expenses in the association coffers must be devoted only to the purpose for which the nonprofit was created ... .
Aiyesha Dey of Harvard Business School and her co-authors have found that excessive materialism on the part of a chief executive can be a warning sign of fraudulent activity and out-of-control risk-taking.
"I am sure you are aware of the high rates our residents currently pay ... Our water lines are in excess of 80 years old and we are experiencing numerous breaks," Reeder said. Jotika Shetty, executive director of the Richland CountyRegional PlanningCommission, said Shiloh has been dealing with "a lot" of water and wastewater issues in recent years ... .
As per the CAG report, UPEIDA made excess payment of ₹3.65 crore in 2014 due to the execution of sale deeds at higher than approved rates for the purchase of land in Kannauj district... The report noted that UPEIDA paid an excess land value amounting to ₹3.65 crore to the landowners.
ThaiSEC has reiterated its commitment to going after crypto exchanges across Thailand in illegal deals. This is judged by its recent scrutiny of the famous crypto exchange Bitkub and some individuals related to the exchange ... Some months ago, an executive of the firm was fined an excess of $234,000 for insider trading ... ....
“It has been widely observed that the Bill gives the secretary of state excessive executive powers to define categories of lawful speech to be regulated and influence the limitations of our online expression.
Version 22.7.1 of the Besu client contains a fix to ensure “excess gas will not be allocated to inner transaction calls and correcting the excess gas errors.”. Versions earlier than 22.1.3 will also “prevent incorrect execution,” however, Ethereum mainnet requires other features only available in later versions.
MILAN, Sept 27 (Reuters Breakingviews) - It’s time for Nexi (NEXII.MI) to close a valuation gap with rival Worldline (WLN.PA) ... Nexi’s ChiefExecutivePaolo Bertoluzzo is also promising 2.8 billion euros of excess cash for acquisitions, debt repayments or share buybacks ... Despite similar growth targets, Nexi is valued less richly than Worldline ... ....
Old pension policy. ... It was also discussed that the matter be again brought to the syndicate in a time-bound manner ... New board of studies approved ... The executive body referred back the agenda regarding waiving off the recovery of excess interest amount from around 195 subscribers of provident fund ... Templates approved for recruitment ... BOX ... ....