In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers, authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative, judicial) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order. Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations.
In the Westminster political system, the principle of separation of powers in not as entrenched. Members of the executive, called ministers, are also members of the legislature, and hence play an important part in both the writing and enforcing of law.
An executive officer (often abbreviated XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization, although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization.
While there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In Humphrey's Executor v. United States, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion. The latter may be removed only with procedures consistent with statutory conditions enacted by Congress. The decision by the Court was that the Federal Trade Commission was a quasi-legislative body because of other powers it had, and therefore the president could not fire an FTC member for political reasons. Congress can’t retain removal power over officials with executive function (Bowsher v. Synar). However, statutes can restrict removal if not purely executive (Humphrey’s executor), but can't restrict removal of purely executive officer (Myers v. United States, 272 U.S. 52 (1926)). The standard is whether restriction "impedes the president’s ability to perform his constitutional duty" (Morrison v. Olson, 487 U.S. 654 (1988)).
The limiting reagent (or limiting reactant) in a chemical reaction is the substance that is totally consumed when the chemical reaction is complete. The amount of product formed is limited by this reagent, since the reaction cannot continue without it. If one or more other reagents are present in excess of the quantities required to react with the limiting reagent, they are described as excess reagents or excess reactants.
The limiting reagent must be identified in order to calculate the percentage yield of a reaction, since the theoretical yield is defined as the amount of product obtained when the limiting reagent reacts completely. Given the balanced chemical equation, which describes the reaction, there are several equivalent ways to identify the limiting reagent and evaluate the excess quantities of other reagents.
Method 1: Comparison of reactant amounts
This method is most useful when there are only two reactants. One reactant (A) is chosen, and the balanced chemical equation is used to determine the amount of the other reactant (B) necessary to react with A. If the amount of B actually present exceeds the amount required, then B is in excess and A is the limiting reagent. If the amount of B present is less than required, then B is the limiting reagent.
Excess is Coma's first English-language album, which was released in Europe on 11 October 2010.
The album consists of nine tracks from Hipertrofia (2008), which were re-recorded in English, and three new songs: "F.T.P." and "F.T.M.O." from the movie Skrzydlate Świnie (where Rogucki played one of the main roles), and "Turn Back The River".
On 1 September 2010, the album was made available to buy in Poland, but only via Mystic Production website.
"We have observed expenditures in various instances, which, in our service’s view, were excessive and or unnecessary," the audit report read ... "The chairman of the ExecutiveBoard has informed us that the Board will avoid excessive and unnecessary expenditure," the report added.
So as we think about the modernization strategy that the Army is currently executing, we know that we’re going to have units that we have to displace a large amount of equipment as we field all the new systems that are coming online ... It says, “Hey, here’s the hole, here’s the excess – execute.”.
... its tools for penalizing executives ... The SEC could use the new power to recover compensation in excess of what the executive concerned should have received in the event a company has to restate its financials due to “material noncompliance” with securities laws.
Q I feel very late to the party with this question. I’m 58 and have never saved into a pension. I always just pushed it down the line, or thought I could rely on the State pension, but I realise now it just won’t be enough ... Q My wife and I currently have a VHI health insurance policy called CompanyPlanExecutive (Excess) ... Business Newsletter ... .
It’s time for California’s leadership to abandon the state’s high-speed rail boondoggle, once and for all ... But lawmakers shouldn’t throw away additional money on a project that is going nowhere ... Rail authority ChiefExecutiveBrian Kelly refused to quantify the magnitude of the excess charges ... Earlier this year, Gov ... .
... boosting its tools for penalizing executives ... The SEC could use the new power to recover compensation in excess of what the executive concerned should have received in the event a company has to restate its financials due to "material noncompliance" with securities laws.
Medical system executives say physician-hospital consolidation means better care for the patient. The rush of doctors to affiliate with medical systems stems in part from a desire to practice medicine full time while their business needs, such as billing and medical record-keeping, are handled for them, hospital executives say.
... incidence, including claims before March 31, 2021 “in excess of the reserves.” During HyreCar’s earnings call, executives revealed that HyreCar had been forced to revamp its claims processes and procedures and improve its risk price adjustments for policies issued by HyreCar.
At a meeting of the committee chaired by Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf legislator Prof Dr Mehr Taj Roghani, Additional SecretaryMinistry of the NHS Nabeel Awan confirmed that the MRI machines were out of order due to excessive load on them ...Machines not in working condition due to excessive load, official tells meeting.
Biden signed an executive order on July 9 saying his administration would enforce antitrust laws “to combat the excessive concentration of industry.” The order said antitrust enforcement would be used to meet challenges posed by new industries and technologies, including the rise of the dominant internet platforms.
LAHORE ... Earlier, AdvocateBurhan Moazam Malik, the counsel for Rizvi’s uncle, argued that the government’s appeal had become infructuous since the 90-day detention period had lapsed ... A law officer argued that the impugned order was a classic case of excess of jurisdiction as the LHC usurped the authority vested in and meant for the executive ... .
And understandably so. COVID-19 vaccines offer stellar protection against hospitalization and death ... Before 2020, the idea of PresidentDonald Trump running the executive branch during a global pandemic would have filled many Democrats—as well as me—with fears of authoritarian overreactions and excesses ... In this house we believe … science is real ... .